Oral hygiene is important for keeping your mouth healthy and preventing dental decay and gum disease. Our Leamington dentists explain how a healthy mouth can help with overall health and well-being.
Practicing good oral hygiene is one reasonably reliable predictor of better dental health outcomes. This means you are more likely to keep your teeth as you age if you have good oral hygiene habits. Because dental health can impact overall physical wellbeing, good oral hygiene practices can have a positive impact on your overall health.
A Healthy Salivary Flow
Saliva is a helpful diagnostic tool, in that it can help doctors and dentists to identify and diagnose systemic diseases before their symptoms become apparent.
In addition, saliva can help disable bacteria and viruses before they enter your system. Saliva is one of your body’s main defences against disease-causing organisms.
Saliva contains antibodies that fight viral pathogens like the common cold and even HIV. It also contains enzymes that kill bacteria in a variety of ways, including degrading bacterial membranes, disrupting vital bacterial enzyme systems, and inhibiting some bacteria's growth and metabolism.
Keeping your salivary flow healthy is quite easy for most people. The key is to stay hydrated! Make sure you drink plenty of water throughout the day to maintain a healthy salivary flow.
Dental Plaque & Infection
Your mouth houses over 500 species of bacteria that are constantly forming dental plaque, a sticky, colourless film that clings to your teeth and causes a variety of health problems.
If you don't brush and floss your teeth on a regular and thorough basis, dental plaque will accumulate between your gums and teeth, eventually leading to gingivitis, a gum infection. Gingivitis, if left untreated, can progress to periodontitis, a more serious infection (gum disease).
If you have periodontitis, simply going to the dentist or brushing your teeth can allow the abundant bacteria in your mouth to enter your bloodstream.
The presence of oral bacteria in your bloodstream will not cause problems if your immune system is healthy. However, if it has been compromised, such as by a disease or cancer treatment, oral bacteria in your bloodstream may cause an infection in another part of your body.
Infective endocarditis, which is when oral bacteria enter the bloodstream and stick to the lining of diseased heart valves, is an example of this.
Dental Plaque’s Link to Common Conditions
Having a healthy mouth may help you ward off certain diseases and medical problems such as stroke, heart attack, complications related to diabetes, and even pre-term labour.
Poorly Controlled Diabetes
Chronic gum disease may make diabetes more difficult to control. The infection may cause insulin resistance, which can disrupt blood sugar control.
Bacteria in the mouth may cause inflammation throughout the body, including the arteries, meaning gingivitis may play a role in clogged arteries and blood clots.
In addition, gum disease and tooth loss may contribute to the development of plaques in the carotid artery.